NEJM -- The Risk of Cesarean Delivery with Neuraxial Analgesia Given Early versus Late in Labor
Posted by Clark Venable on 2/16/2005
NEJM --The Risk of Cesarean Delivery with Neuraxial Analgesia Given Early versus Late in Labor
" Analgesia was initiated in the intrathecal group by a combined spinal–epidural technique. Intrathecal fentanyl (25 µg) was injected, an epidural catheter placed, and an epidural test dose administered. At the second request for analgesia, the cervix was again examined. Epidural analgesia was then initiated as follows: if the cervix was less than 4.0 cm in diameter, a 15-ml epidural bolus of bupivacaine (0.625 mg per milliliter) with fentanyl (2 µg per milliliter) was given, and if the cervix was 4.0 cm or greater in diameter, a 15-ml epidural bolus of bupivacaine (1.25 mg per milliliter) was given (Figure 1). In both instances, patient-controlled epidural analgesia was then begun. "
Bottom Line: Intrathecal fentanyl in women not yet at 4 cm cervical dilation does not increase C-section rate when compared to systemic opioids. Lots of great information to digest over the next several days...
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